world record job creators : aka stranger that reality tv -   god's greatest job creators! pro-youth votes welcomed!! washington dc text (usa-1) 240 316 8157 Norman Macrae Family Foundation ( year 25 of curriculum of Enytreprenehurial FRevolution ets. The Economoist 1972)
worldwide worldwide greatest place leadergreatest place empowerment  poverty ending tipping point investment circles 1 poverty ending tipping point investor 1scalingjobs-education curricula real teachers love youth future change  changing whoi mass media and youth heroisesfacilitating 5000 person communities of ytransformation  
berners lee 

jack ma -sme inclusion every  market channel

g20 (student union) china ewtp taobao alipay blockchain 

how many of sustainability 100 are chinese entrepreneurs 

 xi jinping -what if type 3 media can scale globalsiation around smal enterprise and 17 goal's greatest heroes

kissinger- whomever leads nations 2017-2021 will be best or worst; nothing much in between

 sustainable 21st C world's great fortune is china and jinping and colaboration g20

 Sir fazle abed  

gordon brown 

JYK 2022now to 2012now HOPE: Open Everything. Joyfully Youthful Accompaniment- urgent changeworld of local civics uncertainties -from a black american white house to a female white house or to way beyond a boston tea party white house

Crisis USA: How to help students innovate the world’s most valuable new knowhow  jim kim 1 2 3 map back g20 argentina 2018, g20 india 2019

supercity baltimore-dc al hathaway, leonsis1776


 george soros - first test 70s black youth, gorbachev & walesa pope john paul solidarite, bangladesh village phones, jim kim partebrs in health from s.america to russian prisons, to liberia with brac -ineteconomics only sustainable away beyond euru union designed for haggard infertile grandmothers and to maximise border risks 

 samara, may-ihub, icog

intel world possible 


blecher-mandela extranet


 muhammad yunus H Owen


My 10 greatest change world "job creation" experiences breathe open space through them and into the future of any good friend of mine

 what and why were they? what connects your top 10 change world experiences - washington dc hotline text 240 316 8157

 it started with not knowing what i was looking for one cold london day in the

1) new year of 2000 that i walked into an open space - i realsed you havent lived until you have tried open space- this one was full o  yung peeple imagining how  to create the world we want

whilst in london i tried to get

2 the startup of the hub movement to apply open space wholly and so that open source could fly around youths world and entrepreneuruial revolution

3 and spreading hunderds of one hour meet ups we called colaboration cafe cross the european union where i was a volunteer editor of a strange worldwide community called knowledgeboard-

i seemed to be the only volunteer editor connecting this virtual extravaganza with meeting citizens  who valued human nowledge sharing processes more than technology taking over jobs-  i still dont understand why eu bureucrats were siding against their peoples livelihoods in the way they KM'd the continent

4 i tried to linin massive change summits lile be the change - tfe day the music died in london i went back to my famiuly in DC, did a lucky search - discovered the founder harrison owen of open space was a next door neigbor- so i have been most privi;eged - 3 of my favorite open spaces have been small luncheon circles with harrison


Chris Macrae shared their post.
57 mins · 
'young faces of open space china - can you help them redefine sustainability as 2015-2025 being worldwide youth's mst prductive and exciting decade?'
'loBye Bye Miss American ....ndon's peple tried to respnd ot 9/11 by starung up hubs arund the wrld, and open space be the change , and the day te music died  hows yur people'scity developing peace ?'
Chris Macrae added 2 photos to February 14, 2016 in Open Space.

5 harrison owen on being almost banned forom the us education system

6 harrison owen inviting china youth and elders ti open space beijing

7 harrsion owen invitation to under 30s to open space sustainability as their greatest decade 

8 open space historically blac coleges with chinese super powers' agents of friendship

9 open space 5 days of math, medias and music and conflict resolutin system designs at MIT and open space catholic uni involvement with 17 sustainability goals  grow consciousness-and their preferential option poor youth network chapters across our borderless (emerald) planet

10 open space fortnight ides of march 2016 across east coast cities - with development goals starting up with turning baltimore into dc's open space yputh lab. and broolyn into new york's


Chris Macrae shared their post.
57 mins · 
'young faces of open space china - can you help them redefine sustainability as 2015-2025 being worldwide youth's mst prductive and exciting decade?'
'loBye Bye Miss American ....ndon's peple tried to respnd ot 9/11 by starung up hubs arund the wrld, and open space be the change , and the day te music died  hows yur people'scity developing peace ?'
Chris Macrae added 2 photos to February 14, 2016 in Open Space.


If you wish to join our club of
Future Correspondents,  we ask you to face up to one responsibility which may be bigger than our words can describe.

Celebrate your ability to identify forbidden questions,
... and once you've found a decent quest, live to help others understand why unlearning can be a greater first step for freedom than the rush to know it all.

The simple way to innooculate you and yours against being trapped by any media is to ask : what are the forbidden questions of the particular media before you and your communities get involved.

We believe the happiness of the human race depends on correspondents acting with informed optimism. Informed means to us having a mapmaker's concern for exploring risks before enthusiastically guiding others.

In the 2010s, one vital forbidden question to make free again is: why did the 20th C's greatest mathematicians care so much about humans everywhere debating ahead of time the consequences for that
first networked generation which technology makes more interconnected worldwide than separated? We suggest that previously when civilisations collapsed they did so separately. We recommend sharing a common sense meaning of globalisation is: that time of human development when the collapse of one civilisation means the collapse of all.

EXCITING 2010s: Time is Now
And, we believe it is useful for all future corespondents to recall that it is nature (not man) who chooses the rules that decide on which species will be the next dodo. 


Yes We Can collaborate : empower the 2010s networking generation as most wonderful human celebration of creativity (MY1, MY2 . IM1

IF and only IF we know where to swarm and jam to celebrate all the world’s an innovation lab? In honor of Norman Macrae - probably the most optimistic journalist on humanity's infinite capacity to innovate during the second half of the 20th C where the perversity of mass media has increasingly spun stories that demote the humanity of innovation we initial stories below representing the life works of others who knew Norman well or celebrated his life works at The Economist boardroom November 2010 - wherever possible asks you to help us hunt out the most relevant web link to each such innovation correspondent 

CMI love hearing stories on how inventions actually began – over 90% of those that advanced the human lot came through trial and error from the ground up by people challenged with a desperate need. These stories then merit rating by young people from YAA - replicated around the world as economically and sustainably as possible to YFF used by a few people to power over peoples in the most uneconomic and sustainabiloity-destructing ways. The first years I was on the internet (1995) I hosted an email club “organsiing creativity” by hand. In those days there was little spam and directors of some of the world’s greatest r&d labs joined in. What amazes me is actual innovation seldom happens the way it's later written up’ Its messy’ Its iterative: even recursive. And this is when I was a maths student I was delighted to find logical proofs that humans will always create things that computers can’t.

Rsvp where do you click to celebrate all the world’s an innovation lab encourages contributions on innovations in villages that end up exciting MIT


JOSB launches hunt for the top 50 hubs of information technology for the poor –how many do you expect to find in Bangladesh-India-China and how many in the rest of the world


Which universities open sourced their way to the world’s top innovation prizes- eg Cambridge university team won a nobel prize for open sourcing the  mapping of the human genome – each night they webbed their progress and invited worldwide responses. In writing the biography of von Neumann, my dad happily found that Von Neumann recommended that network generations will decide that most patents merit only 3 ,month’s existence. If you truly care about innovations humanity most needs being 3 months in the lead and networked as a meta-hub know the world over for your innovation purpose there can be no greater economic way to lead than celebrating openness. The only powers that want closed knowledge blocks are those who have stopped being interested in value multiplication: innovation and learning and celebrating being at the leadership edge of unique purpose.

 Our sister web needs your help - we aim to provide an open clearing house of links to all the most socially purposeful and sustainable organisations or projects that aim to graduate to organisational system - please send nominations to info using this 4-way classification system
  • has no intention of designing round social business system but you can ask anyone it serves and get positive feedbacks on its social purpose
  • is an early stage project - eg social action - is trying to get to be a socil business if it goes beyond project state
  • is as near to be a social business as it knows how to be given country's legal and other constraints
  • has already been or is ready to be tested by a panel of social business experts for certification 

Download Obama Change Guide

IsabellaWM Association of Family Foundations picks favourite job creation social business to be born in big cpital cities 
.Founders observation notes: The 7 wonders of microeconomics and human sustanability system design - 1 banking 2 health .. more soon System Crisis: Macroeconomists and globalisation professions, who value machines as investments and people as costs to cut, divide the world into roughly 64 expensive trillion dollar global markets; microeconomists map the future's sustainability as being worth a lot more than that to 7 billion people's rights to transparent access to productive lifetmes and joyous yet naturally safe demands. This web site is dedicated to change agents who value humanity's compound futures through transparency map-making and hi-trust system designs
Which top 16 change agents do you trust most to collaborate with? Table entries are in no particular order. If you have a nomination of a league table that youth and sustainability invetstment networkers need to explore
please phone chris macrae washington DC Yes We Can bureau 301 881 1655
Norman Macrae’s league – NM is  senior microeconomist, future historian
and trillion dollar global free market auditor of sustainability exponentials and collaboration networks of entrepreneurial revolutionaries who care about integrating Micro Up system design
  • Fazle Abed brac.uni guide 1
  • Muhammad Yunus Guide 1 2 3
  • Mrs Begum  G.Education Guide 1
  • Sunita Gandhi  1
  • Manmohan Singh
  • Jagdish Gandhi 1 2
  • Hilary Clinton
  • Mary Robinson
  • Nandan Nilekani
  • Gordon Dryden 1
  • Nelson Mandela : Uni
  • Eva Vertes
  • Harrison Owen
  • Queen Sofia
  • Dipal Barua
  • Ole Mjos
  • .President Obama's Medal of Honor to 16  YES WE CANChange Agents

  • Systems Mathematician Stephen Hawking,
  • Microecomist, Collaboration Systems Designer and Free Marketer for the Poorest Muhammad Yunus,
  • Desmond Tutu,
  • Sidney Poitier, Mary Robinson,
  • Senator Edward Kennedy
  • Cancer Crusader Nancy Goodman Brinker,
  • medical campaigner Pedro Jose Greer,
  • tennis legend Billie Jean King,
  • civil rights leader Reverend Joseph Lowery,
  • native American tribal chief Joseph Medicine Crow,
  • former Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor,
  • actress Chita Rivera,
  • cancer researcher Janet Davison Rowley,
  • actress Chita Rivera
  • also awarded posthumous medals to

  • former Republican congressman and vice presidential candidate Jack Kemp
  • gay rights campaigner Harvey Milk
  • ..gf1.jpg.

    "This is a chance for me -- and for the United States of America -- to say thank you to some of the finest citizens of this country, and of all countries," Obama said while presenting them the Presidential Medal of Freedom at the White House.

    Lauding the spirit of all the recipients, Obama said they did not set out in pursuit of glory or fame or riches.

    "Rather, they set out, guided by passion, committed to hard work, aided by persistence, often with few advantages but the gifts, grace, and good name God gave them".

    Praising Muhammad Yunus, Obama said 35-years ago he as a young economics professor at a university in Bangladesh was struck by the disconnect between the theories he was teaching in class and the reality of the famine outside.

    "Mohammed Yunus left the classroom for a village, and discovered that just 27 dollar would free dozens of artisans, vendors, and rickshaw pullers from debt," Obama said.

    Offering himself as a guarantor, he withdrew a loan, paid off their debts, and founded Grameen Bank -- a bank that has disbursed over USD 8 billion, lifting millions of people from poverty with microloans.

    "Mohammed Yunus was just trying to help a village, but he somehow managed to change the world," Obama said.

    The signature quality of Archbishop Desmond Tutu, says Nelson Mandela, is a readiness to take unpopular stands without fear, Obama observed.

    "Perhaps that explains what led the Arch, as he's known, to preach amid tear gas and police dogs, rallying a people against apartheid," he said.

    Obama also praised Tutu's role as Chairman of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission in South Africa after its independence.

    "Tribune of the downtrodden, voice of the oppressed, cantor of our conscience, Desmond Tutu possesses that sense of generosity, that spirit of unity, that essence of humanity that South Africans know simply as Ubuntu," Obama said.

    CHANGE is

    & HERE
    & Jamii Bora (Kenya)

     Coming soon a map of 1000 webs of microworld - where people map how to sustain each community - in association with ,, - our aim is to link you up to 100 regional webs in 10 regions and 100 webs on 10 vital micro contexts of community sustainability such as healthcare, green, microbanking, education, job creation, media for people - if you have a nomination please email
    Webs by MicroSummit Context and region. links 10 contexts relevant to millennium goals and designing globalisation for next generations everywhere. 1 Banking for poor & sustaining communities; 2 Schools and job creation for all youth; 3 Healthcare; 4 Clean Energy & Agriculture; 5 Media for Poor. Transparent system mapping is also needed: 6 Professions for Poor; 7 Innovate Goverment  eg community-up & diversity-rights; 8 Funding to accelerate Micro/Sustainability Investment; 9 Millennium goal networks you can join to unite cultures and celebrate urgency; 10 other

    0 service 00 citizensbriefing


    100 Grameen  a
    110 BRAC  a
    120 FINCA
    190 Saving For Change
    210 Gandhi-Montessori Lucknow 1 2
    220 Grameen-Intel FC

    230 CIDA

    240 LeadIndia2020
    300 Grameen-GE FC Partnership
    400 GShakti -solar energy
    410 The Hunger Project

    420 barefootpower

    430 Grameen Veolia -water
    440 TheGreenBeltMovement

    450 Grameen Danone -nutrient milk desert kids

    490 rural finance learning
    500 Microcreditsummit
    510 MicroEnergyCredits
    520 GrameenSolutions
    530 TheGreenChildren
    540 End Poverty Downloads
    600 SMBA - HEC Paris
    610 MicroTrue University Clubs
    620 MicroLeadersQuest
    800 WholePlanetFoundation
    810 Results
    820 UNITUS

    830 Shorecap
    900 Prepare MicroSummits  (5 Collaboration Games)

    101 Jamii Bora, Kenya
    111 BRAC, East Africa
    121 FINCA, Africa
    131 MicroloanFoundation, Malawi
    201 CIDA Joburg
    211 Rusinga Island, Kenya

    221 Mountains of the Moon, Uganda
    291 Stephen Lewis Foundation
    301 IMMC
    311 End Malaria Zambia
    321 CFW Shops Kenya

    331 Unite for Sight, Africa
    411 Kickstart, Kenya (Fund @ San Francisco)
    421 Laiterie de Berger, Senegal
    431 IndustriesforAfrica
    441 TheGreenBeltMovement, Kenya
    511 MEC-FINCA, Uganda
    531 Gahaya Links, Rwanda
    541 IPP Lagos
    551 Haven on Earth
    711 Equality Now Nairobi, a
    801 ReachTheChildren
    811Grameen Credit Agricole

    821 Fantsuam, Nigeria 


    32 10times less costly banking

    12 Ungloss Brand

    02 Service is King (j19)

    22 MicroUp

    102 Grameen America

    112 Shorebank

    432 Water Advocates

    802 ideas

    902 Obama Yes We Can Nets

    912 TheGlobalSummit


    107 Grameen-Carso, Mexico

    117 Pro Mujer


    128 GrameenCreditAgricole

    208 HunterFoundation

    418 Fondation Farm

    808 DanoneCommunities



    105 SanabelNetwork

    .India & Bangladesh

    104 Grameen 1

    114 BRAC 1 2

    124 BankaBillion
    304 Aravind

    404 Grameen Shakti, Bangladesh

    424 SKG Sangha, Bangalore, India


    423  barefootpower

    499 International Bridges to Justice (Karen Tse)

    Rest Asia

    106 Kashf, Pakistan

    126 ACBA, Armenia

    Rest World

    1 Community Banking a

    100 Grameen  a
    110 BRAC  a
    120 FINCA

    2 Education3 Healthcare.4 Clean energy,food,water5 channels/knowledge for community- free markets6 Professions 2.0 that do no harm7 Right & Government for community/Diversity8 Micro Accelerators9 M Goals networks for youOther
    YBU Change world game -based on 30 years of work on global branding and local community building
    Y= Purpose sustained by hi-trust leader earned by communicating deadline & audacious goal.Being =solutions connecting people whose lifes are most critically impacted by success of goal's mission.Uniting peoples with ample resources who connect purposeful actions with no loss
    Yunus Millennium Goal leaderBangladesh knowhow shared www thru Microcredit/Microentrepreneur SummitsUS Obama Yes We Can
    Yunus Green Goals leader Bangladesh solar -year 14 of microinvetemnt cos nation critically impacted by global warmingUS Obama 5 million green jobs
    Yunus End Digital Divides Bangladesh villages - since 1983 formed 125000+ village hubs for women sustainability entrepreneurs connected by mobile since 1996US/California Internet for the poor
    Yunus Safe banking - sustainability exponential up built on investing in people's productivy curves and community flowsBangladesh microcredit since 1976- replicable context deep franchises now accessible through 10 world class epicentres on different hemispheres eg Bangladesh Grameen, Kenya Jamii BoraUS Obama Wall Street 2.0 & 100+ members of congress appealing to world bank to communicate 10 epicentre microcredit knowledge www
    Welcome to our good news space of how people change the world from the ground up. A particular welcome to anyone whose come from the youth 10000 dialogue with Dr Yunus - we would love to feature any video responses you make - please nominate or vote for top 10 so we can change the stories on demand
    *1 Microcredit*2 Solar Energy*3 Free University -Joburg of Taddy Blecher partnered by Branson and in the vocational spirit of Mandela and Gandhi
    .4 Wholeplanet Foundation =supermarket industry responsibility connecting fair trade, microcredit, and certification of what's in the food chain.5 Internet Carpet industry chain targeting 0 waste by 2020 *6 City Montessori (Lucknow India)- the social business of the world's largest school - 31000 childern
    *7 Mobile leapfrogging and ending of digital divides8 The Paris cluster of future capitalists partnering Grameen including danone, Credit Agricole, Veolia and HEC SMBA*9 The Green Children both as a responsible pop group and funders starting off Dr Yunus big plans for social business of health
    *10 The 100000 grassroots networkers and sustainability investors connecting Bangladesh's MICRO economics development plan of which BRAC and Grameen in the 1970s started something that my just save the whole planet .Click a pic to go to a video library busa2.jpgbusa3.jpgbusa4.jpgbusa5.jpgbusa6.jpg

     * denotes heavily influenced by Gandhi - your editor has a certain bias in seconding Einstein's nomination of Mahatma as the only leader of the first half of the 20th century with a complete model for changing a nation ruled by an unhealthy empire - my grandad was mentored for 25 years by Gandhi one Bar of London Barrister enough- intially as the Chief Justice in Mumbai grandad jailed Gandhi; by the 1940s he was transformed into helping write up the legalese for India's Independence. As transparency and Microeconomics/sustainability exponential mapmakers, we hold the view, one accelerated since we first wrote about it, 1984 that today's genertaion today's generation as first to go networked locally to globally has an order of magnitide deeper challenge than even Gandhi's India.  That is if sustainability is to be earned for all our future generations. Please feel free to contact us if your change world agendas are that urgent or deep

    we''ll use the numbers to reference supportting info in the blog below

    Archive Older

    Monday, August 24, 2009

    What can we learn about banking as one of the 7 wonders of microeconomics

    These are my updatiing observation notes from founders research in Bangladesh  -delighted to learn your experience of banking as a wonder of microeconomics - chris.macrae

    A Note On The 4 main Bangladeshi Banking Systems of Microcredit

    These are not entirely separate from each other; 2 are absolutely core as there would be no microcredit system design worth emulating without them. They share the commonalities of micro up:
    ie they are owned by the poorest (in community) and they have a positive cashflow (ie sustainable business model) which they reinvest in getting better or in replicating

    The two core ones were tested by Grameen and BRAC and in the late 1970s, they took as many as 7 years to perfect their cultural and operating franchises before they were worth large scale replication. They involved serving the rural poorest. In Bangladeshi, rural can be a bit of a misleading word because the nation is so densely populated that for example pretty well every Grameen branch can find 3500 members to serve in about 60 village centres of 60 people each all with at most 2 hours walk of the branch which has to visit each village centre weekly. Rural means a lot less infrastructure than city -probably no electricity, no water pipes, pathways that a rickshaw may just about be able to use making the village difficult to distribute in or out from. Often a place at rsik of being under water a lot of the time and most vulnerable to any drastic weather.

    Grameen's model is perhaps only 5% about credit banking and 95% about joining a community investment club in what we want to develop for our children. Yes it is centred on lending and savings of members. The loans are made for poorest rural to be income generating as well as through the village centres build solidarity. Before these microcredits the poorest rural women were an abused underclass in just about every sense of the phrase. After these microcredits they to a large extent organise the village and its future sustainability. The women create the work and the micromarket for each others services that makes them income generating; after a year's loans and savings, a member gets a share in the bank that is entirely member owned. Grameen leaders work on the major entrepreneurial innovations that fulfill the 16 decisions the members elected while the bank was testing its franchise - so an early invention was the lowest cost hut that would have a monsoon proof roof, cyclone-proof stability and a pit latrine- all core health and safety items. Two of Grameen's defining innovations - were connecting villages through mobile telephone ladies in 1996 (over a hundred thousand village centres that had been separate could now share info) and solar energy- Grameen installs more solar units than the whole of the USA.

    BRAC took a different approach. It looked at a job like keeping chickens and calculated that it was almost impossible to make a living wage -with the standard scrawny village chicken and the way the whole industry was organized -however hard a villager worked. So it redesigned the whole industry of egg laying and chicken breeding to be owned from the bottom up and to comprise primarily 4 jobs -each of which ladies can take out a loan to get started on. The four jobs and this took many years to develop are:
    *breeding superchickens that lay about 4 times more eggs
    *para-vets because these chickens need inoculations to stay healthily productive in the impoverished conditions of the village
    *Keeping chickens in the village to sell eggs
    *Marketing surplus eggs and poultry from the village to the towns
    BRAC banks (I think) several hundred thousand “chickens” jobs -all of which a villager gets started on by taking a loan. Since the whole industry sector is designed to reward the workers in the community, all jobs get the fairest trade wages that chicken productivity can sustain. In Bangladesh, BRAC has developed at least 5 industry sectors all owned and designed round optimizing job specifications and earnings of the villagers.

    Both Grameen and BRAC's promise to village women was effectively if you work relentlessly the community will also make enough profit to invest in schooling your children. Now that hundreds of thousands of village children are emerging from this system, both banks see a responsibility to serve these youth. This is effectively where a third type of banking products are needed. It may not be identified as a separate bank but it is these services that are segmented to deliver to these young people who in one sense are no longer the poorest – joyously they will be the first literate members in their family tree.

    Understanding the above distinctions matters. Dr Yunus says that a pattern rule of any banking franchise is that the less poor will over time edge out the poorest unless the system is governed to always include the poorest. So Both Grameen are BRAC are still opening up branches in parts of the country they previously couldn’t reach that go right bank to basics of serving the poorest at every opening. Whilst in parallel, in some villages where these banks have been for well over a decade, services for youth becoming adults are needed

    The fourth type of bank is the ultra poorest. Those who are so poor that even with much training and the joining of the village centre it would be unrealistic to ask them to take out a loan with interest.

    I hope in reading this you find the idea reasonably simple. When you think through the details that's where the challenges come. The poorest by definition need the smallest loans; since much of the transaction cost of serving a loan is fixed, one way any analyst could raise bank performance would be to cut out the loans to the poorest. This is what you never do if you are truly operating Bangladesh microcredit.
    11:03 am edt 

    Health - one of the 7 wonders of microecomomics
    What can we learn from sustainability's world class brands and their community origins in health - love to you learn your experiences on this - chris.macrae

    observation notes from founders research:




    Grameen began through research in the village by a 3 man team including Muhammad Yunus and a woman Mrs Begum. The idea of the loan to start your own income generation was only part of designing a bank owned by the people whose savings would determine what solutions villagers said they needed to end poverty. Out of 16 decisions that accumulated as Grameen tested its franchise between 1976 and 1983, 9 were healthcare related. Moreover in the early days Dr Yunus (like all men ) was not permitted to talk to village ladies on their properties- so whole Mrs Begum empowered girl talk, Dr Yunus waited outside in the village a habit which tends to attract crowds of curious village children. From the start Dr Yunus loved learning with these kids and was also appalled to observe things like night blindness.


    Most 1970s village children couldn’t see in the dark because their diet was so vitamin deficient. This explains why one of Grameen Bank’s first businesses became retailing of carrot seeds in one cent packages- something that became so vital to restoring children health that Grameen Bank became the largest seeds retailer in Bangladesh. Nutrition has therefore always been an entrepreneurial quest of dr yunus and his friends which may explain why two of the worlds first global social business partnerships were again focused on children’s diets – Grameen Danone and Grameen BASF. Going back to 1986 BRAC went into housing loans. For exactly the opposite reasons of any Western bank. The idea was to design the healthiest and safest hut in terms of having monsoon-proof roof, stability even n a cyclone, and pit latrine. Grameen’s design won an aga khan award for architecture and those 700000 housing loans became a part of Grameen banking. In 1992 Grameen Kalyam started offering disease diagnosis and wellbeing insurance at a price of $2 per family per year- one of the most economical health services ever designed. But all of these are only trailers to what Dr Yunus is using his Nobel Prize fame for in inviting the world of medicine to come and start up Bangladeshi’s national rural health systems taking full advantage of how much can be digitalized given one of Grameen’s other extraordinary sustainability investments -connecting hundreds of thousands of village hubs by mobiles which started up in 1996.



     BRAC began because Shell Oil’s head accountant in Bangladesh happened to be the last organizer standing when a 1972 cyclone killed twice as many people as the 2004 tsunami. This all occurred in a localized region of Bangladesh. In particular, none of the global NGOS could reach the disaster area, so BRAC became the epicentre of relief. Thus the Micro Up NGO was born. Naturally health is one of the core talents that gravitate around disaster relief. Beyond that there is community regeneration which became BRAC’s operating theatre. BRAC’s idea was to search for solutions that all of the most desperately impoverished rural communities needed and to go from community to community developing local people’s ability to be the solution, as well as funding small ways to sustainably invest in their productivity. One of the earliest almost free solutions fortunately turned out to be oral rehydration. Twenty per cent of all Bangladeshi infants who were dying of diarrhea -they could be saved if mothers knew how to mix a solution of salts and sugars in the right proportions. A several year program of visiting village by village until others knew the solution was an early BRAC micronetworking interaction. This soon led to microfinancing a person in the village to sell the basic cures that any mother could offer her children if she had access to diagnosis and simple medicine. From these beginnings, BRAC has always been one of the most sustainable franchisers of village healthcare the world has to benchmark. 



    Jamii Bora is Kenya’s, and as many planning to go to microcreditsummit in Kenya April 2010 hope to validate, Africa’s most exciting model for microcredit. One of the reasons for the excitement is that being born in 1999 , JB could design itself around mobile telecommunications from day 1. Another reason for excitement was that this microcredit system design involves youth as well as mothers in developing their community markets. So the microcredit action learnings revolve round the challenges of semi-urban slums not rural villages. This in a wonderful microentrepreurial lab for co-creativity searches and communal exchanges of how to empower income generating solutions for and by the poorest

     Jamii Bora zoned in on health because its microcredit was failing to produce high repayment rates. It was found that this wasn’t because Jamii Bora had compounded around any less trust among its membership than Grameen or BRAC, but that someone in the extended family of the borrower was falling ill with a life critical disease and the loan was being diverted to the medicine. So Jamii Bora designed a health insurance that all its members needed to take out. Of course, this meant it had to be the most extremely affordable health insurance ever designed. Fortunately, Kenya had many missionary hospitals that were on the verge of going bust so a deal was done to save the missionary hospitals and save Jamii Bora’s banking viability by sustaining one and the same membership health insurance package.
    10:58 am edt 

    Archive Older

    Parts of the Clinton Global Initiative Program 2008

    PLENARY SESSION: The Global Impact of Rural Innovation

    Friday 9/26/08, 9:00 A.M. – 10:00 A.M.
    Metropolitan Ballroom

    In today’s society, where technology enables people to connect with one another instantly, it is hard to understand why poor, rural regions around the world continue to face persistent challenges in isolation. To reconcile these inequalities, many individuals, organizations, and businesses are actively addressing education, economic development, energy opportunities, and other vital needs. From the development of alternative-energy technology to implementation of economic development initiatives, persistently impoverished rural communities are developing in ways that can be scaled to address global challenges. This panel will include leaders who are driving innovations that serve rural communities and can be applied around the world.

    Program Participants:

    Jacques Aigrain, CEO, Swiss Reinsurance Company
    Steve Gunderson, President and CEO, Council on Foundations
    Wangari Muta Maathai, Founder, Green Belt Movement, Kenya
    Elsie Meeks, President and CEO, First Nations Oweesta Corporation
    Rick Warren, Pastor, Saddleback Church
    Muhammad Yunus, Founder and Managing Director, Grameen Bank


     Wednesday 9/24
    5:00 P.M. - 5:30 P.M.Giving: A Conversation between President Clinton and Bill Gates

    Metropolitan Ballroom


    OPENING PLENARY: A Call to Action

    Wednesday 9/24/08, 10:00 A.M. – 11:30 A.M.
    Metropolitan Ballroom

    The opening plenary session will engage a diverse group of world leaders in an action-oriented discussion of the major challenges that CGI is focusing on this year: education, energy & climate change, global health, and poverty alleviation. This session will explore the transformative capacity of business, government, and NGOs to collaboratively develop and implement sustainable solutions.

    Special Remarks:
    Lance Armstrong,
    Founder and Chairman of the Board, Lance Armstrong Foundation

    Program Participants:

    William J. Clinton, 42nd President of the United States; Founder, William J. Clinton Foundation
    Her Majesty Queen Rania Al-Abdullah, The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
    Bono, Lead Singer, U2; Co-Founder, Anti-Poverty Campaign, ONE
    Al Gore, Chairman, The Alliance for Climate Protection
    E. Neville Isdell, Chairman of the Board of Directors, The Coca-Cola Company
    Her Excellency Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf, President, Republic of Liberia

    Thursday 9/25/08, 9:00 A.M. – 10:00 A.M.
    Metropolitan Ballroom

    During the 20th century, more people than ever benefited from clean water, plentiful food, and the mobility and comfort of an oil-based economy. World grain harvests quadrupled and world oil production grew 180-fold during the last century. However, our food, water, and oil reserves are increasingly strained as resources are depleted, natural systems become strained, and world population increases. The rising price of oil and increases in biofuel production are driving up global grain prices. New oil-extraction opportunities are heavily water- and carbon-intensive, and increasing demand for water is lowering water tables around the world. Because water, food, and energy issues are so closely related, solutions addressing one should address all three. This panel will discuss ways to use water more efficiently, expand food security, and reduce our dependence on fossil fuels to create a more sustainable future.

    Opening Remarks

    John McCain, Senator from Arizona, United States Senate

    Program Participants:

    Tom Brokaw, Special Correspondent, NBC News; Moderator, “Meet the Press”
    T. Boone Pickens, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, BP Capital
    Robert Zoellick, President, The World Bank Group

    Closing Remarks

    Barack Obama, Senator from Illinois, United States Senate

    PLENARY SESSION: Generating Profits, Jobs and Equitable Growth

    Wednesday 9/24/08, 4:00 P.M. – 5:00 P.M.
    Metropolitan Ballroom

    With the world population growing by more than 200,000 people each day, the public and private sectors must take action to create jobs, provide health and human services, and promote fair and equitable growth. This panel will feature public and private sector leaders and will explore ways the public sector can create policies that encourage investment in high-quality and emerging-technology jobs and promote a fair distribution of wealth, and it will examine ways the private sector can invest in and work with communities to generate jobs and create sustainable and healthy local economies in both developed and developing nations.

    Program Participants:

    Matthew Bishop, New York Bureau Chief and American Business Editor, The Economist
    John T. Chambers, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer, Cisco
    Hernando de Soto, President, Institute for Liberty and Democracy
    Thoraya Ahmed Obaid, President and Executive Director, United Nations Population Fund
    Tulsi Tanti, Chairman and Managing Director, Suzlon Energy Ltd.

    SPECIAL SESSION: Overcoming Poverty in Challenging Environments

    Friday 9/26/08, 12:00 P.M. – 1:00 P.M.
    New York East and New York West

    Despite historic gains in poverty reduction in countries such as India and China, endemic poverty persists as a central challenge in much of the developing world. In many impoverished nations, efforts to stimulate development and to fight poverty are undermined by conflict, disease, corruption, and weak institutions. Overcoming challenges in these difficult environments requires innovative approaches to strengthen governance, empower local communities, and ignite private-sector growth. This special session will feature world leaders who have developed and implemented innovative approaches to poverty alleviation under exceptional circumstances. The discussion will focus on critical areas for engagement and action by CGI members in the midst of today’s most challenging economic and political circumstances.

    Program Participants:

    Tony Blair, Former Prime Minister, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
    Helene D. Gayle, President and CEO, CARE USA
    His Excellency Ernest Bai Koroma, President, Republic of Sierra Leone
    Surin Pitsuwan, Secretary-General, ASEAN
    His Excellency René Préval, President, Republic of Haiti


    SPECIAL SESSION: Climate Change and Poverty

    Thursday 9/25/08, 4:00 P.M. – 5:00 P.M.
    Empire East and Empire West

    Climate Change and Poverty will address the devastating impact of climate change on the world’s poor. Droughts, floods, rising seas, and the spread of infectious disease threaten to push families and communities already struggling for life’s basics to the brink. At the same time, many tools for addressing climate change and its impacts — such as solar power, wind power, water treatment, and sustainable agriculture — can help create jobs and play an important role in fighting poverty. This panel will explore strategies for fighting global warming while lifting poor communities from poverty, examining the role of technology cooperation, carbon markets, philanthropy, public-private partnerships, and other mechanisms. It will also explore the imperative of helping poor communities adapt to the real, everyday dangers posed by global warming.

    Program Participants:

    H.E. Felipe Calderón, President, United Mexican States
    Richard Cizik, Vice President of Governmental Affairs, National Association of Evangelicals
    Van Jones, Founder and President, Green for All
    Rajendra Kumar Pachauri, Director-General, TERI, The Energy and Resources Institute
    John Podesta, President and CEO, Center for American Progress
    Judith Rodin, President, The Rockefeller Foundation




    Help us discuss who in washington DC cares about eding poverty with microcredit - from the results web
    World Bank and Microfinance: Underinvestment in the Very Poor

    As the largest international lender for developing countries, the World Bank has an enormous ability to influence whether the world will achieve the MDGs. The Bank’s stated mission is “to fight poverty with passion and professionalism for lasting results.” However, the World Bank is investing very little in microfinance for those who live on less than $1 a day.

    World Bank president Robert Zoellick has the opportunity to steer the Bank in a new direction and reform policies in favor of pro-poor investments that will align Bank practices with its stated mission of alleviating poverty. The World Bank must increase its investment in microfinance for those living on less than $1 a day.

    Fall 2008: House and Senate Letters

    Senate Fall 2008: Sens. Enzi (R-WY) and Brown (D-OH) sent a letter to World Bank president Zoellick highlighting possible ways the Bank can increase its investment in microfinance for the very poor. The letter was sent in early December to President Zoellick.

    21 senators signed the Senate letter (pdf, with signatures): Enzi (R-WY), Brown (D-OH), Dole (R-NC), Burr (R-NC), Feinstein (D-CA), Durbin (D-IL), Cantwell (D-WA), Nelson (D-FL), Levin (D-MI), Murray (D-WA), Martinez (R-FL), Menendez (D-NJ), Sanders (I-VT), Inhofe (R-OK), Cardin (D-MD), Johnson (D-SD), Bingaman (D-NM), Isakson (R-GA), Hatch (R-UT), Mikulski (D-MD), Bennett (R-UT).

    House Fall 2008: Rep. Holt (D-NJ) and Carter (R-TX) initiated a letter to World Bank president Zoellick highlighting possible ways the Bank can increase its investment in microfinance for the very poor. The letter was sent in early December to President Zoellick.

    93 representatives signed the House letter (pdf, with signatures): Holt (D-NJ), Carter (R-TX), Klein (D-FL), McDermott (D-WA), Bordallo (D-GU), A. Smith (D-WA), A. Hastings (D-FL), Shuler (D-NC), Capps (D-CA), Schakowsky (D-IL), Lewis (D-GA), Baldwin (D-WI), A. Green (D-TX), Rothman (D-NJ), Berkley (D-NV), Doggett (D-TX), Hirono (D-HI), Moran (D-VA), Jackson (D-IL), Jackson Lee (D-TX), Wolf (R-VA), Kirk (R-IL), L. Smith (R-TX), Van Hollen (D-MD), Grijalva (D-AZ), McCollum (D-MN), Giffords (D-AZ), Davis (R-VA), Gonzalez (D-TX), Myrick (R-NC), Waxman (D-CA), Blumenauer (D-OR), Young (R-AK), Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), Hill (D-IN), Rohrabacher (R-CA), Walberg (R-MI), Inglis (R-SC), Miller (D-NC), DeGette (D-CO), Berman (D-CA), Filner (D-CA), Kildee (D-MI), Conyers (D-MI), Lee (D-CA), Sullivan (R-OK), Inslee (D-WA), McCotter (R-MI), Schiff (D-CA), McCaul (R-TX), Miller (D-CA), Mitchell (D-AZ), Harman (D-CA), Nadler (D-NY), Lewis (R-CA), Engel (D-NY), Wexler (D-FL), Lofgren (D-CA), Loebsack (D-IA), Serrano (D-NY), Moran (R-KS), Brown (D-FL), Eshoo (D-CA), Sherman (D-CA), Johnson (D-GA), Andrews (D-NJ), Bono Mack (R-CA), Payne (D-NJ), Pomeroy (D-ND), Larsen (D-WA), Thornberry (R-TX), Dicks (D-WA), Crowley (D-NY), McNerney (D-CA), Levin (D-MI), Sires (D-NJ), Conaway (R-TX), Herseth-Sandlin (D-SD), Honda (D-CA), Pallone (D-NJ), Waters (D-CA), Pascrell (D-NJ), Maloney (D-NY), Capuano (D-MA), Terry (R-NE), Watson (D-CA), Hooley (D-OR), Clarke (D-NY), Perlmutter (D-CO), Tauscher (D-CA), Wu (D-OR), Kaptur (D-OH), Woolsey (D-CA).

    Past Congressional Actions

    Senate February 2008: In February 2008, Senators Bennett (R-UT), Durbin (D-IL), Enzi (R-WY), and Brown (D-OH) initiated a “Dear Colleague” letter (PDF) calling on World Bank President Zoellick to meet with the Senate to discuss why the Bank is not increasing its focus on providing the poorest with greater access to microfinance. For background and talking points, please see the December 2007 Action.

    30 senators signed the letter, including 11 Republicans: Bennett (R-UT), Durbin (D-IL), Enzi (R-WY), Brown (D-OH), Murkowski (R-AK), Lieberman (I-CT), Cardin (D-MD), Bayh (D-IN), Murray (D-WA), Boxer (D-CA), Stabenow (D-MI), Hatch (R-UT), Lugar (R-IN), Chambliss (R-GA), Levin (D-MI), Coleman (R-MN), Nelson (D-FL), Casey (D-PA), Mikulski (D-MD), Klobuchar (D-MN), Inhofe (R-OK), Isakson (R-GA), Obama (D-IL), Clinton (D-NY), Schumer (D-NY), Feinstein (D-CA), Burr (R-NC), McCaskill (D-MO), Martinez (R-FL), Cantwell (D-WA).

    30 senators also signed the last Senate letter in 2005: Bennett (R-UT), Bingaman (D-NM), Boxer (D-CA), Cantwell (D-WA), Coburn (R-OK), Coleman (R-MN), Cornyn (R-TX), Corzine (D-NJ), Dayton (D-MN), DeWine (R-OH), Dole (R-NC), Domenici (R-NM), Durbin (D-IL), Feinstein (D-CA), Inhofe (R-OK), Inouye (D-HI), Jeffords (I-VT), Kohl (D-WI), Lautenberg (D-NJ), Levin (D-MI), Martinez (R-FL), Murray (D-WA), Nelson (D-FL), Reed (D-RI), Salazar (D-CO), Santorum (R-PA), Sarbanes (D-MD), Smith (R-OR), Stabenow (D-MI), and Stevens (R-AK).

    House Feburary 2008: During the October congressional meeting with World Bank President Zoellick, members of Congress raised critical points on the need to increase the Bank’s investment in microfinance for the very poor. In response to Mr. Zoellick’s comments, Rep. Holt (D-NJ) and Rep. Carter (R-TX) initiated a follow-up letter to Mr. Zoellick (pdf) that was sent February 2008.

    46 representatives signed the letter: Holt (D-NJ), Carter (R-TX), Moran (D-VA), Hastings (D-FL), James McGovern (D-MA), Matheson (D-UT), Steve Cohen (D-TN), Baldwin (D-WI), Honda (D-CA), Bordallo (D-GU), Gonzalez (D-TX), Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), Rohrabacher (R-CA), Inslee (D-WA), McDermott (D-WA), Rothman (D-NJ), Harman (D-CA), Waxman (D-CA), Capps (D-CA), Payne (D-NJ), Walberg (R-MI), Conyers (D-MI), Sullivan (R-OK), Kildee (D-MI), Wilson (R-NM), McCotter (R-MI), Berkley (D-NV), Dicks (D-WA), Doggett (D-TX), Inglis (R-SC), Murphy (D-PA), Davis (D-CA), Farr (D-CA), Shuler (D-NC), Souder (R-IN), Filner (D-CA), Larsen (D-WA), Conaway (R-TX), Udall (D-CO), Lewis (D-GA), Waters (D-CA), Smith (D-WA), Saxton (R-NJ), Sires (D-NJ), Ellison (D-MN), Reichert (D-WA).

    See also the July 2007 Holt-Carter letter (pdf) to Mr. Zoellick.

    October 2007 congressional meeting with Members of Congress and World Bank president Zoellick. Members attending were Kevin Brady (R-TX), John Carter (R-TX), Michael Conaway (R-TX), Susan Davis (D-CA), Tom Davis (R-VA), Eliot Engel (D-NY), Rodney Frelinghuysen (R-NJ), Alcee Hastings (D-FL), Rush Holt (D-NJ), Michael Honda (D-CA), Jay Inslee (D-WA), Sheila Jackson Lee (D-TX), Mary Kaptur (D-OH), Rick Larsen (D-WA), Jim Matheson (D-UT), Betty McCollum (D-MN), Jerry McNerney (D-CA), Jim Moran (D-VA), Donald Payne (D-NJ), Illeana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), Steve Rothman (D-NJ), Albio Sires (D-NJ), Adam Smith (D-WA), John Sullivan (R-OK), Tim Walberg (R-MI), John Yarmuth (D-KY), Sen. Sherrod Brown (D-OH), Sen. Michael Enzi (R-WY).

    House July 2007: In July, Reps. Holt (D-NJ) and Carter (R-TX) initiated a Dear Colleague letter calling on World Bank President Zoellick to meet with the Senate to discuss why the Bank is not increasing its focus on providing the poorest with greater access to microfinance.

    71 representatives signed the letter: Baird, Brian (D-WA); Baldwin, Tammy (D-WI); Bartlett, Roscoe (R-MD); Bishop, Rob (R-UT); Bono, Mary (R-CA); Bordallo, Madeleine (D-GU); Brady, Kevin (D-PA); Brown, Corrine (D-FL); Capuano, Michael (D-MA); Carter, John (R-TX); Conaway, Michael (R-TX); Conyers, John (D-MI); Crowley, Joseph (D-NY); Davis, Danny (D-IL); Dicks, Norman (D-WA); Dingell, John (D-MI); Doggett, Lloyd (D-TX); Ellison, Keith (D-MN); Fattah, Chaka (D-PA); Filner, Bob (D-CA); Fortenberry, Jeff (R-NE); Gonzalez, Charles (D-TX); Granger, Kay (R-TX); Green, Al (D-TX); Grijalva, Raul (D-AZ); Hastings, Alcee (D-FL); Herseth-Sandlin, Stephanie (D-SD); Hill, Baron (D-IN); Hodes, Paul (D-NH); Holt, Rush (D-NJ); Hunter, Duncan (R-CA); Inslee, Jay (D-WA); Jackson-Lee, Sheila (D-TX); Jefferson, William (D-LA); Kildee, Dale (D-MI); Kucinich, Dennis (D-OH); Larsen, Rick (D-WA); Lee, Barbara (D-CA); Levin, Sander (D-MI) Lewis, John (D-GA); Lofgren, Zoe (D-CA); Matheson, Jim (D-UT); McCaul, Michael (R-TX); McCollum, Betty (D-MN); McCotter, Thaddeus (R-MI); McDermott, Jim (D-WA); McGovern, James (D-MA); McNerney, Jerry (D-CA); Meek, Kendrick (D-FL); Moore, Gwen (D-WI); Moran, James (D-VA); Murphy, Patrick (D-PA); Oberstar, James (D-MN); Pickering, Charles (R-MS); Reichert, David (R-WA); Renzi, Rick (R-AZ); Rohrabacher, Dana (R-CA); Ros-Lehtinen, Ileana (R-FL); Rothman, Stephen (D-NJ); Saxton, Jim (R-NJ); Schakowsky, Janice (D-IL); Shuler, Heath (D-NC); Sires, Albio (D-NJ); Sullivan, John (R-OK); Udall, Mark (D-CO); Udall, Tom (D-NM); Walberg, Timothy (R-MI); Wexler, Robert (D-FL); Wilson, Charles (D-OH); Woolsey, Lynn (D-CA); Young, Don (R-AK).

    Muhammad Yunus Congressional Gold Medal Award (H.R.1801, S.903)

    • H.R.1801 introduced by Rep. Rush Holt (D-NJ) and Rep. John R. Carter (R-TX).
    • S.903 introduced by Sens. Richard Durbin (D-IL) and Robert Bennett (R-UT).

    What the Muhammad Yunus Congressional Gold Medal Award Would Do:

    • It seeks to award the Congressional Gold Medal to Dr. Muhammad Yunus, founder of the Grameen Bank, winner of the Nobel Peace Prize, and board member of RESULTS, in recognition of his contributions to the fight against global poverty.
    • Honoring Dr. Yunus before Congress will:

      • Raise public awareness of the power of microfinance to change lives and help build congressional support;
      • Send a strong signal to the World Bank that the U.S. is committed to microfinance for the very poor and expects the World Bank to do the same.

    To cosponsor in the House, please contact Chris Gaston with Rep. Holt (D-NJ) at (202) 225-5801 or Chris Alsup with Rep. John R. Carter (R-TX) at (202) 225-3864

    To cosponsor in the Senate, please contact Caitlin Dean with Sen. Durbin (D-IL) at 224-2152 or Nate Graham with Sen. Bennett (R-UT) at 224-5444.

    House Cosponsors of H.R.1801 (as of October 20, 2008)

    Abercrombie, Neil (D-HI)

    Andrews, Robert (D-NJ)

    Baird, Brian (D-WA)

    Baldwin, Tammy (D-WI)

    Berkley, Shelley (D-NV)

    Berman, Howard L.(D-CA)

    Bishop, Rob (R-UT)

    Bishop, Timothy H. (D-NY)

    Blumenauer, Earl (D-OR)

    Brady, Robert A. (D-PA)

    Doggett, Lloyd (D-TX)

    Capps, Lois (D-CA)

    Capuano, Michael E. (D-CA)

    Carnahan, Russ (D-MO)

    Conyers, John, Jr. (D-MI)

    Crowley, Joseph(D-NY)

    Cummings, Elijah E. (D-MD)

    Davis, Danny (D-IL)

    Davis, Tom (R-VA)

    DeGette, Diana (D-CO)

    Ellison, Keith (D-MN)

    English, Phil (R-PA)

    Eshoo, Anna G. (D-CA)

    Etheridge, Bob (D-NC)

    Farr, Sam (D-CA)

    Filner, Bob (D-CA)

    Foster, Bill (D-IL)

    Giffords, Gabrielle (D-AZ)

    Gonzalez, Charles (D-TX)

    Grijalva, Raul (D-AZ)

    Hare, Phil (D-IL)

    Harman, Jane (D-CA)

    Hastings, Alcee L. (D-FL)

    Sandlin, Stephanie (D-SD)

    Jackson-Lee, Sheila (D-TX)

    Jefferson, William J. (D-LA)

    Johnson, Eddie Bernice (D-TX)

    Kaptur, Marcy (D-OH)

    Lee, Barbara (D-CA)

    Lewis, John (D-GA)

    Lewis, Ron (R-KY)

    Lofgren, Zoe (D-CA)

    Maloney, Carolyn B. (D-NY)

    Matheson, Jim (D-UT)

    McCaul, Michael T. (R-TX)

    McCollum, Betty (D-MN)

    McDermott, Jim (D-WA)

    McGovern, James P. (D-MA)

    McNerney, Jerry (D-CA)

    Meeks, Gregory W. (D-NY)

    Michaud, Michael H.(D-ME)

    Miller, Brad (D-NC)

    Moore, Dennis (D-KS)

    Moran, James P. (D-VA)

    Oberstar, James L. (D-MN)

    Pallone, Frank, Jr. (D-NJ)

    Payne, Donald (D-NJ)

    Pickering, Charles (R-MS)

    Rahall, Nick J. (D-WV)

    Ramstad, Jim (R-MN)

    Reichert, David G. (R -WA)

    Ros-Lehtinen, Ileana (R-FL)

    Ross, Mike (D-AR)

    Rothman, Steven R. (D-NJ)

    Roybal-Allard, Lucille (D-CA)

    Sanchez, Linda (D-CA)

    Saxton, Jim (R-NJ)

    Schakowsky, Janice D. (D-IL)

    Scott, Robert C. (D-VA)

    Sessions, Pete (R-TX)

    Slaughter, Louise (D-NY)

    Smith, Adam (D-WA)

    Solis, Hilda L. (D-CA)

    Spratt, John M. Jr (D-SC)

    Stark, Fortney Pete (D-CA)

    Sutton, Betty (D-OH)

    Tauscher, Ellen O. (D-CA)

    Thornberry, Mac (R-TX)

    Tierney, John F. (D-MA)

    Towns, Edolphus (D-NY)

    Udall, Mark (D-CO)

    Visclosky, Peter J. (D-IN)

    Watson, Diane E. (D-CA)

    Watt, Melvin L. (D-NC)

    Weller, Jerry (R-IL)

    Wexler, Robert (D-FL)

    Wicker, Roger F. (R-MS)

    Wolf, Frank (R-VA)

    Woolsey, Lynn C. (D-CA)

    Wynn, Albert Russell (D-MD)

    Senate Cosponsors of S.903 (as of October 20, 2008)

    Akaka, Daniel K.(D-HI)

    Alexander, Lamar (R-TN)

    Bayh, Evan (D-IN)

    Baucus, Max (D-MT)

    Byrd, Robert C. (D-WV)

    Biden, Joseph (D-DE)

    Bingaman, Jeff (D-NM)

    Boxer, Barbara (D-CA)

    Brown, Sherrod (D-OH)

    Brownback, Sam (R-KS)

    Cantwell, Maria (D-WA)

    Cardin, Benjamin (D-MD)

    Carper, Thomas R. (D-DE)

    Casey, Robert (D-PA)

    Clinton, Hillary Rodham (D-NY)

    Cochran, Thad (R-MS)

    Coleman, Norm (R-MN)

    Conrad, Kent (D-ND)

    Cornyn, John (R-TX)

    Craig, Larry E (R-ID)

    Crapo, Miko (R-ID)

    Dodd, Chris (D-CT)

    Domenici, Pete (R-NM)

    Dorgan, Byron (D-ND)

    Enzi, Michael B. (R-WY)

    Feingold, Russell D. (D-WI)

    Feinstein, Dianne (D-CA)

    Graham, Lindsey (R-SC)

    Gregg, Judd (R-NH)

    Harkin, Tom (D-IA)

    Hatch, Orrin G. (R-UT)

    Inhofe, James M. (R-OK)

    Inouye, Daniel (D-HI)

    Johnson, Tim (D-SD)

    Kennedy, Ted (D-MA)

    Kerry, John F. (D-MA)

    Klobuchar, Amy (D-MN)

    Kohl, Herb (D-WI)

    Landrieu, Mary L. (D-LA)

    Lautenberg, Frank R. (D-NJ)

    Leahy, Patrick (D-VT)

    Levin, Carl (D-MI)

    Lieberman, Joseph I. (I-CT)

    Lincoln, Blanche L. (D-AR)

    Lugar, Richard G. (R-IN)

    Menendez, Robert (D-NJ)

    McCaskill, Claire (D-MO)

    Mikulski, Barbara A. (D-MD)

    Murkowski, Lisa (R-AK)

    Murray, Patty (D-WA)

    Nelson, Ben (D-NE)

    Nelson, Bill (D-FL)

    Obama, Barack (D-IL)

    Pryor, Mark (D-AZ)

    Reed, Jack (D-RI)

    Reid, Harry (D-NV)

    Roberts, Pat (R-KS)

    Rockefeller, John D. (D-WV)

    Salazar, Ken (D-CO)

    Sanders, Bernard (I-VT)

    Schumer, Charles (D-NY)

    Smith, Gordon H. (R-OR)

    Snowe, Olympia (R-ME)

    Specter, Arlen (R-PA)

    Stabenow, Debbie (D-MI)

    Tester, Jon (D-MT)

    Webb, James (D-VA)

    Whitehouse, Sheldon (D-RI)

    Wyden, Ron (D-OR)


    Note: The lead sponsors are seeking at least two-thirds of Congress as cosponsors of this legislation in order to build support for Dr. Yunus to receive this award.

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